When building your own shed, you have several shed roofing options. The type of roof you select for your shed is something that should be considered thoroughly. Common options for shed roofing include the Pent, Salt Box, Hipped, Gable and Gambrel styles. Less rarely you will find Flat or Mansard styles.
The Pent style shed roof is a good option for sheds placed against another building or a fence. The roof is lower in the back of the shed and higher at the front, directing any moisture away from the doorway. The front overhang offers protection from any precipitation. Pent roof are sometimes referred to as shed or lean to roofs.
With the Salt Box style of shed roofing, the roof is asymmetrical. One side is shorter while the other side forms what is referred to as "cat slide" roof, similar to a lean to. This type of roof is often used when its strength in resisting wind is needed.
The Hipped style is a combination of two triangular sections and two trapezoid sections. The design allows for slopes on all sides of the roof, protecting the shed's roof from damage due to weight of standing water, snow or ice. Due to strong internal bracing, this style of roofing is less likely to be torn off, making it a good option for locations that face strong winds or hurricanes. Variations of the hipped style include Cross Hipped or Pyramidal.
Gable roofs are symmetrical with both sides of the roof coming up to connect at the middle. Roof slopes can range from 20 to 70 percent, depending on your preferences. With the sloped sides, it can easily shed water. However, it is not good in high wind areas and it the most likely type to sustain damage. The Cross Gable variation is also an option.
Gambrel shed roofing is better known as barn roof style. The roof is symmetrical with two sections with varying angles on each side. If your shed's function is storage, this is an excellent choice as it offers lots of storage room.
The Flat style roof is not a good option for areas with lots of rain or snow. The roof has little to no slope, which makes it last to damage from pooling water. While it is the cheapest roof option to build, it is less hardy than other shed roof choices, usually requiring re-roofing every ten to twenty years. In comparison, other roof styles generally last twenty-five to fifty years.
Four trapezoids and a rectangle make up a Mansard roof. In general, two sizes of trapezoids and one rectangle are used. One size provides the front and back surfaces, while the other size is used for the sides. The four sides of the roof join at the rectangular piece. For square sheds, it is popular to vary the Mansard roof with four identical trapezoids topped by a square. Like the Flat style of shed roofing, this type is unacceptable to damage from standing water and is best for drier climates.
As you can see, shed roofing requires some consideration. If the correct roof is not selected, you may find yourself rebuilding it sooner than expected. When purchasing shed plans, check to see that the plans offer several options for shed roofing to be sure you get the roof that meets your needs.